The word ‘icy’ in the passage is a/an
Direction: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions (Question Nos. 71 to 75) that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
Antarctica is an icy continent in the South Pole. It is covered by permanently frozen ground, is surrounded by water and is about 1.5 times longer than the United States. The world’s largest desert is in Antarctica. 90% of the land is covered with a continental ice sheet; the remaining 2% of land is barren rock. Antarctica has about 87% of the world’s ice. The South Pole is the coldest, windiest and driest place on Earth. The coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth was at the South Pole; it reached as low as – 128.6 oF or -88.0oC. On an average most of the Antarctica gets less than 2 inches of snow each year. Although scientific expeditions visit Antarctica, there are no permanent human residents. This is because of the extreme weather, which includes freezing temperature, strong winds and blizzards. There are about 4000 seasonal visitors to Antarctica. Antarctica hasn’t always been located at the South Pole. It has drifted, like the other continents and has ranged from the Equator during the Cambrian period, about 500 million years ago to the South Pole. During the time of the dinosaurs, Antarctica was more temperate and housed dinosaurs and many other life-forms. Now there is very little indigenous life.
The word ‘desert’ in the passage is a
The word ‘windiest’ in the passage is a
Has Antarctica always been fixed in the South Pole?
Who are the earliest known inhabitants of Antarctica?
The writer believes that half-educated persons are not able to
Direction: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions (Question Nos. 76 to 80) that follow by selecting the most appropriate option.
The first thing which a scholar should bear in mind is that a book ought not to be read for mere amusement. Half-educated persons read for amusment, and are not to be blamed for it; they are incapable of appreciating the deeper qualities that belong to a really great literature. But a young man who has passed through a course of University training should discipline himself at an early day never to of discipline has been formed, he will find it impossible to read for mere amusement. And once the habit of discipline has been formed, he will find it impossible to read for mere amusement. He will then impatiently throw down any book from which he cannot obtain intellectual food, any book which does not make an appeal to the higher emotions and to his intellect. But on the other, the habit of reading for amusement becomes with thousands of people exactly the same king of habit as wine-drinking or opium-smoking; it is like a narcotic, something that helps to pass the time, something that keeps up a perpetual condition of dreaming, something that eventually results in destroying all capacity for though, giving exercise only to the surface parts of the mind and leaving the deeper springs of feelings and the higher faculties of perception unemployed.
The word ‘narcotic’ in the passage means
The phrase ‘the higher faculties’ in the passage means
The word ‘eventually’ in the passage means
The word ‘unemployed’ in the passage means